Zinc signal in brain diseases

Stuart D. Portbury, Paul A. Adlard

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

116 Scopus citations

Abstract

The divalent cation zinc is an integral requirement for optimal cellular processes, whereby it contributes to the function of over 300 enzymes, regulates intracellular signal transduction, and contributes to efficient synaptic transmission in the central nervous system. Given the critical role of zinc in a breadth of cellular processes, its cellular distribution and local tissue level concentrations remain tightly regulated via a series of proteins, primarily including zinc transporter and zinc import proteins. A loss of function of these regulatory pathways, or dietary alterations that result in a change in zinc homeostasis in the brain, can all lead to a myriad of pathological conditions with both acute and chronic effects on function. This review aims to highlight the role of zinc signaling in the central nervous system, where it may precipitate or potentiate diverse issues such as age-related cognitive decline, depression, Alzheimer’s disease or negative outcomes following brain injury.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2506
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume18
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brain
  • Cognition
  • Neurodegeneration
  • Zinc

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