“You probably can’t feel as safe as normal women”: Hispanic women’s reactions to breast density notification

Alsacia L. Pacsi-Sepulveda, Rachel C. Shelton, Carmen B. Rodriguez, Arielle T. Coq, Parisa Tehranifar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Patient advocacy has led to state-level legislative mandates for the release of personal mammographic breast density information to women undergoing screening mammography. More research is needed to understand the impact of this information on women’s perceptions and mammography screening behavior. Methods: Semistructured interviews were conducted in English and Spanish with 24 self-identified Hispanic women who had undergone at least 1 mammogram since breast density notification was enacted in New York State. The women ranged in age from 43 to 63 years. Women were asked about their understanding and perceptions of the communication of New York State-mandated breast density information, and any actions they have taken or would take in response to this information. A content analysis of the qualitative data from the translated and transcribed interviews was conducted. Results: The majority of participants had no prior knowledge of breast density and expressed confusion and apprehension regarding the meaning of dense breasts when presented with the notification information. Many participants understood having dense breasts to be a serious and abnormal condition, and reported feelings of worry and vulnerability. Participants mostly expressed a strong interest in learning about breast density and obtaining additional and more frequent breast cancer screening tests. These behavioral intentions were consistent with participants’ overall favorable view of breast cancer screening and a belief that their faith, as well as regular screening, can help to protect them from breast cancer morbidity and mortality. Conclusions: Hispanic women conveyed proactive breast cancer screening intentions in response to breast density notification, despite inadequate comprehension of this information and negative emotional responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2049-2056
Number of pages8
JournalCancer
Volume125
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hispanic
  • breast density
  • health policy
  • mammography
  • risk factors

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