Wild-derived inbred mice have a novel basis of susceptibility to polyomavirus-induced tumors

Palanivel Velupillai, Izumi Yoshizawa, Dilip C. Dey, Sharon R. Nahill, John P. Carroll, Roderick T. Bronson, Thomas L. Benjamin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polyomavirus induces a broad array of tumors when introduced into newborn mice of certain standard inbred strains, notably those bearing the H- 2(k) haplotype. Susceptibility in these mice is conferred by an endogenous mouse mammary tumor virus superantigen (Mtv-7 sag) that acts to delete T cells required for polyomavirus-induced tumor immunosurveillance. In the present study we show that mice of two wild-derived inbred strains, PERA/Ei (PE) and CZECH II/Ei (CZ), are highly susceptible to polyomavirus but carry no detectable Mtv sag-related sequences and show no evidence of Vβ deletion. C57BR/cdJ (BR) mice, which are H-2(k) but lack the endogenous Mtv-7, are highly resistant based on an effective anti-polyomavirus tumor immune response. When crossed with BR, both PE and CZ mice transmit their susceptibility in a dominant fashion, indicating a mechanism(s) that overrides the immune response of BR. Susceptibility in PE and CZ mice is not based on interference with antigen processing or presentation since cytotoxic T cells from BR can efficiently kill F1-derived tumor cells in vitro. The expected precursors of polyomavirus-specific cytotoxic T cells are present in both the wild inbred animals and their F1 progeny. These findings indicate a novel basis of susceptibility that operates independently of endogenous superantigen and prevents the development of tumor immunity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10079-10085
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume73
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1999
Externally publishedYes

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