Whole-brain amide CEST imaging at 3T with a steady-state radial MRI acquisition

Ran Sui, Lin Chen, Yuguo Li, Jianpan Huang, Kannie W.Y. Chan, Xiang Xu, Peter C.M. van Zijl, Jiadi Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Purpose: To develop a steady-state saturation with radial readout chemical exchange saturation transfer (starCEST) for acquiring CEST images at 3 Tesla (T). The polynomial Lorentzian line-shape fitting approach was further developed for extracting amideCEST intensities at this field. Method: StarCEST MRI using periodically rotated overlapping parallel lines with enhanced reconstruction-based spatial sampling was implemented to acquire Z-spectra that are robust to brain motion. Multi-linear singular value decomposition postprocessing was applied to enhance the CEST SNR. The egg white phantom studies were performed at 3T to reveal the contributions to the 3.5 ppm CEST signal. Based on the phantom validation, the amideCEST peak was quantified using the polynomial Lorentzian line-shape fitting, which exploits the inverse relationship between Z-spectral intensity and the longitudinal relaxation rate in the rotating frame. The 3D turbo spin echo CEST was also performed to compare with the starCEST method. Results: The amideCEST peak showed a negligible peak B1 dependence between 1.2 µT and 2.4 µT. The amideCEST images acquired with starCEST showed much improved image quality, SNR, and motion robustness compared to the conventional 3D turbo spin echo CEST method with the same scan time. The amideCEST contrast extracted by the polynomial Lorentzian line-shape fitting method trended toward a stronger gray matter signal (1.32% ± 0.30%) than white matter (0.92% ± 0.08%; P =.02, n = 5). When calculating the magnetization transfer contrast and T1-corrected rotating frame relaxation rate maps, amideCEST again was not significantly different for white matter and gray matter. Conclusion: Rapid multi-slice amideCEST mapping can be achieved by the starCEST method (< 5 min) at 3T by combing with the polynomial Lorentzian line-shape fitting method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)893-906
Number of pages14
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2021


  • MultiVane
  • chemical exhange saturation transfer (CEST)
  • magnetization transfer contrast (MTC)
  • periodically rotated overlapping parallel lines with enhanced reconstruction (PROPELLER)
  • steady-state pulsed CEST/MTC
  • steady-state radial


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