When Is It Better to Wait? Surgical Timing and Recurrence Risk for Children Undergoing Repair of Subaortic Stenosis

Brett R. Anderson, Jennifer E. Tingo, Julie S. Glickstein, Paul J. Chai, Emile A. Bacha, Alejandro J. Torres

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Recurrence of subaortic stenosis (SAS) after surgery is common in children. The effects of patient characteristics and surgical timing on disease recurrence are largely unknown. We performed a retrospective study, assessing the relative effects of patient age and left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) gradient on the need for reoperation for recurrent SAS. We included all children <20 years of age who underwent initial surgical resection of SAS at our center, January 2003–December 2013. Stratified logistic regression was performed, considering the effects of patient demographics, clinical characteristics, echocardiographic parameters, and operative technique, and clustering standard errors by surgeon. The multivariable model was used to simulate predicted probabilities of recurrent SAS for children at varying ages and baseline LVOT gradients. Sixty-three patients (38 males) underwent initial operation for SAS. Patients were followed for a median of 3.7 years (IQR 1.2–7.1). Twenty-one percent of patients (n = 13) underwent reoperation for SAS. Twelve were male. For every 10 mmHg increase in preoperative peak gradient in boys, the odds of reoperation for SAS doubled (OR 2.01, CI 1.5–2.72, p < 0.001), and for every additional 6 months of age, the odds of reoperation decreased by 14% (OR 0.86, CI 0.84–0.88, p < 0.001). Both younger age and higher preoperative outflow tract gradient are independently associated with risk of reoperation. Clinicians should consider the age and rate of LVOT gradient change—and not just the absolute gradient—in determining initial surgical timing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1106-1114
Number of pages9
JournalPediatric Cardiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Congenital heart disease
  • Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction
  • Subaortic stenosis
  • Surgical timing


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