What's new in dystonia?

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

Several advances have been made in dystonia in both the basic science and clinical realms. Recent research has implicated dysfunctional circuitry outside of the basal ganglia, thereby broadening our understanding of the pathophysiology of dystonia. Genetic achievements include the discovery of a genetic modifier that protects against clinical expression in DYT1 and the identification of the DYT6 gene (THAP1). Several reports provided expanded descriptions of the clinical features of dystonia and its associated symptoms. Follow-up studies of deep brain stimulation, typically targeting the globus pallidus internus, have been largely positive. The success of deep brain stimulation in many cases of generalized dystonia has led to trials in other forms of dystonia, such as medically refractive cervical dystonia. This article reviews relevant recent findings in dystonia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-284
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2009

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