What is the reproductive potential of day 7 euploid embryos

Carlos Hernandez-Nieto, Joseph A. Lee, Richard Slifkin, Benjamin Sandler, Alan B. Copperman, Eric Flisser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


What is the rate of euploidy and the reproductive potential of embryos biopsied after 6 days of development SUMMARY ANSWER: Embryos biopsied after 6 days of development have higher rates of aneuploidy; however, day 7 euploid embryos selected at transfer can achieve acceptable pregnancy rates and live birth (LB) outcomes. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Recent publications have shown promising treatment results after euploid day 7 embryo transfers (ETs), albeit these studies were limited by small sample sizes. Whereas the current clinical standard has been to discard embryos that do not reach expansion by day 6 of development, the lack of robust data surrounding the clinical utility of day 7 embryos warrants further evaluation. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: Retrospective cohort analysis in a single, academic in vitro fertilization (IVF) center from January 2012 to March 2018. A total of 25 775 embryos underwent trophectoderm (TE) biopsy and preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A). Additionally, the clinical IVF outcomes of 3824 single, euploid frozen embryo transfer (FET) cycles were evaluated. PARTICIPANTS/MATERIALS, SETTING, METHODS: Cohorts were segregated by day of TE biopsy following oocyte retrieval (day 5, day 6 or day 7). PGT-A was performed to identify embryonic ploidy rates. Secondly, IVF and LB outcomes after single, euploid FET were evaluated for each cohort. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE: A total of day 5 (n = 12 535), day 6 (n = 11 939) and day 7 (n = 1298) embryos were included in the study analysis. The rate of embryo euploidy was significantly lower in day 7 blastocysts compared to day 5 or day 6 cohorts (day 7 = 40.5%; day 5 = 54.7%; day 6 = 52.9%; (P < 0.0001)). After adjusting for age, anti-Müllerian hormone, BMI, embryo quality and number of embryos biopsied, there was a significant association between aneuploidy and embryos biopsied on day 7 when compared to day 5 biopsied embryos (OR = 1.34, CI 95% 1.09-1.45, P = 0.001) and day 6 biopsied embryos (OR = 1.26, CI95% 1.07-1.16, P < 0.001). A sub-analysis of subsequent 3824 single, euploid FET cycles (day 5: n = 2321 cycles; day 6: n = 1381 cycles; and day 7: n = 116 cycles) showed significant differences among cohorts in implantation, clinical pregnancy, LB and clinical loss rates. There was a significant decrease in the odds of implantation, clinical pregnancy and LB, but no association with clinical loss or multiple pregnancy rates in patients who utilized day 7-biopsied embryos during treatment. LIMITATIONS, REASONS FOR CAUTION: The retrospective nature of the study and potential variability in the study center's laboratory protocol(s) compared to other reproductive treatment centers may limit the external validity of our findings. Additionally, patients who transferred euploid embryos, biopsied on day 7 of development due to an absence of day 5 or day 6 counterparts, may have introduced selection bias in this study. WIDER IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS: Embryonic developmental stage, morphological grade and ploidy status are paramount factors affecting ET selection and implantation potential. This study reveals that embryos ineligible for TE biopsy on day 5 or day 6 of development may benefit from extended culture to day 7. Our study demonstrates patient benefit when extended culture to day 7 of development is routinely performed for embryos failing to meet biopsy criteria by day 5 or 6. STUDY FUNDING/COMPETING INTEREST(S): No funding was received for the realization of this manuscript. Dr Alan Copperman is Advisor or Board Member of Sema 4 (Stake holder in Data), Progyny and Celmatix. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: This retrospective analysis was approved by an Institutional Review Board (WIRB PRO NUM: 20161791; Study Number: 1167398).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1697-1706
Number of pages10
JournalHuman Reproduction
Issue number9
StatePublished - 29 Sep 2019


  • aneuploidy
  • blastocyst
  • embryo cryopreservation
  • embryo culture
  • extended culture
  • pregnancy rate
  • preimplantation genetic testing
  • single embryo transfer
  • trophectoderm biopsy


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