What Has Dual Energy CT Taught Us About Gout?

Ira Khanna, Rebecca Pietro, Yousaf Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of the Review: Dual energy computed tomography (DECT) scan has emerged as a useful diagnostic tool in the diagnosis of gout over recent years. Here, we review the role of DECT in the context of typical and atypical gout, including its role in identifying extra-articular monosodium urate (MSU) deposition. Recent Findings: DECT has been found to be more accurate than ultrasound in detecting extra-articular MSU deposition in soft tissue. It has the ability to identify axial MSU deposition in gout patients with non-specific back pain. For individuals with no other clear etiology, this potentially implicates MSU as the cause of the pain. DECT also has the ability to detect vascular MSU deposition. This correlates with high coronary calcium scores and elevated Framingham cardiovascular risk. Summary: DECT continues to aid our understanding of articular and extra-articular MSU deposition, including the role of vascular MSU deposition on cardiovascular health. Not only does it allow quantification of urate burden but it can also potentially avoid invasive diagnostic procedures. The limitations and advantages of DECT are further explored in this article.

Original languageEnglish
Article number71
JournalCurrent Rheumatology Reports
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Dual energy computed tomography (DECT)
  • Extra-articular MSU
  • Gout
  • Monosodium urate (MSU)

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