Wais Performance IQ in Aphasia as a Function of Auditory Comprehension and Constructional Apraxia

Joan C. Borod, Mark Carper, Harold Goodglass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigated differences in nonverbal intelligence between diagnostic subgroups of aphasics using the Performance Tests of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS). Subjects were 98 right-handed hospitalized males with unilateral left-hemisphere damage who had unambiguous clinical diagnoses of Broca's, Anomic, Conduction, Mixed Non-Fluent, Wernicke's, or Global aphasia. Group differences were examined using the WAIS Performance IQ (PIQ), subscores for spatial organization (Block Design and Object Assembly) and for verbalizability (Picture Completion and Picture Arrangement). There were significant group differences for each WAIS score, determined by the impaired performance of the Global aphasics. With covariance correction for level of auditory comprehension, group differences were eliminated on the verbalizable subtests, but not on the spatial organization subtests. Covarying for level of constructional apraxia (assessed with drawings, sticks, blocks), however, eliminated group differences for both subscores. Using demographic, neurological, linguistic variables, multiple regression analyses confirmed the covariate analysis findings; constructional apraxia was the most predictive variable for both spatial and verbalizability subscores, while auditory comprehension and education level predicted performance on the verbalizable subtests.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-210
Number of pages12
JournalCortex
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1982
Externally publishedYes

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