"W-shaped" volume curve with gated myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography

Tokuo Kasai, E. Gordon DePuey, Irwin Sponder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Objectives: Gating errors (GEs) with ECG gated myocardial SPECT (G-SPECT) may occur irrespective of the presence or absence of arrhythmias. We evaluated the impact of GEs on both reconstructed tomograms and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) derived from G-SPECT, and searched for clues to identify these errors. Methods: We studied 2 GE patients, 10 normal subjects (NLs), and 10 atrial fibrillation patients. Stress technetium-99m sestamibi G-SPECT was performed. Left ventricular (LV) contraction was evaluated in the beating slices. LVEF was calculated with G-SPECT using QGS (Cedars-Sinai, Los Angels) and p-FAST (Sapporo Medical University, Japan), and compared with that obtained by echocardiography (ECHO). LV volume curves were created by QGS and p-FAST. The heart rates (HRs) were calculated from the acquired images, and compared with their resting HRs. The mean count density of the myocardium was measured and time-activity curves were created. Results: In patients with GEs, bi-phasic LV contraction was demonstrated with fading-out towards end-diastole. G-SPECT underestimated LVEF compared to ECHO by 10% or more. The volume curves appeared "W-shaped." The HRs from the images were slower than the resting HRs. The count density decrement from frame #1 to #8 was larger than that of NLs. The time-activity curves were different in shape from those of NLs. Conclusions: G-SPECT underestimates LVEF in patients with GEs. These errors can be identified with a combination of visual inspection of beating slices, time-volume curves, and time-activity curves. Monitoring the HR is a clue for anticipating and avoiding these errors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-64
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Nuclear Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Gating errors
  • Left ventricular function
  • Myocardial SPECT
  • Time-activity curve
  • Volume curve


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