Voice Restoration After Total Laryngectomy

Christopher G. Tang, Catherine F. Sinclair

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


The ability to speak and communicate vocally is a unique human characteristic that is often taken for granted but is fundamental to many activities of daily living. Loss of voice after total laryngectomy can lead to a serious decrease in quality of life and can precipitate significant frustration over the inability to communicate effectively. There are 3 main methods of voice restoration: esophageal speech, usage of the electrolarynx, and tracheal-esophageal puncture for tracheal-esophageal speech, which can be performed primarily or secondarily. Although all 3 methods have potential benefits, the gold standard is tracheal-esophageal speech.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)687-702
Number of pages16
JournalOtolaryngologic Clinics of North America
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2015


  • Electrolarynx
  • Esophageal speech
  • Total laryngectomy
  • Tracheoesophageal puncture
  • Voice restoration


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