Virtual reality tumor navigated robotic radical prostatectomy by using three-dimensional reconstructed multiparametric prostate MRI and 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT images: A useful tool to guide the robotic surgery?

Abdullah Erdem Canda, Sertac Fatih Aksoy, Emre Altinmakas, Ersin Koseoglu, Okan Falay, Yakup Kordan, Barbaros Çil, Mevlana Derya Balbay, Tarik Esen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the use and benefits of tumor navigation during performing robotic assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). Patients and Methods: Borders of the visible tumor(s) was/were and surrounding structures marked on multiparametric prostate magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and 68Ga-labeled prostate-specific membrane antigen ligand using positron emission computed tomography (Ga68 PSMA-PET/CT). Three dimensional (3D) reconstruction of the images were done that were transferred to virtual reality (VR) headsets and Da Vinci surgical robot via TilePro. Images were used as a guide during RARP procedures in five cases. Indocyanine green (ICG) guided pelvic lymph node dissection (n = 2) and Martini Klinik Neurosafe technique (n = 2) were also applied. Results: Mean patient age was 60.6 ± 3.7 years (range, 56-66). All VR models were finalized with the agreement of radiologist, urologist, nuclear physician, and engineer. Surgeon examined images before the surgery. All VR models were found very useful particularly in pT3 diseases. Pathological stages included pT2N0 (n = 1), pT3aN0 (n = 1), pT3aN1 (n = 2), and pT3bN1 (n = 1). Positive surgical margins (SMs) occurred in two patients with extensive disease (pT3aN1 and pT3bN1) and tumor occupied 30% and 50% of the prostate volumes. Mean estimated blood loss was 150 ± 86.6 cc (range, 100-300). Mean follow-up was 3.4 ± 1.7 months (range, 2-6). No complication occurred during perioperative (0-30 days) and postoperative (30-90 days) periods in any patient. Conclusions: 3D reconstructed VR models by using mpMRI and Ga68 PSMA-PET/CT images can be accurately prepared and effectively applied during RARP that might be a useful tool for tumor navigation. Images show prostate tumors and anatomy and might be a guide for the console surgeon. This is promising new technology that needs further study and validation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-115
Number of pages8
JournalBJUI Compass
Volume1
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 3D reconstruction
  • augmented reality
  • radical prostatectomy
  • robotic
  • training
  • virtual reality

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