Venetoclax Combined With FLAG-IDA Induction and Consolidation in Newly Diagnosed and Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Courtney D. DiNardo, Curtis A. Lachowiez, Koichi Takahashi, Sanam Loghavi, Lianchun Xiao, Tapan Kadia, Naval Daver, Maria Adeoti, Nicholas J. Short, Koji Sasaki, Sa Wang, Gautam Borthakur, Ghayas Issa, Abhishek Maiti, Yesid Alvarado, Naveen Pemmaraju, Guillermo Montalban Bravo, Lucia Masarova, Musa Yilmaz, Nitin JainMichael Andreeff, Elias Jabbour, Guillermo Garcia-Manero, Steven Kornblau, Farhad Ravandi, Marina Y. Konopleva, Hagop M. Kantarjian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

147 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE Sixty percent of newly diagnosed patients with acute myeloid leukemia (ND-AML) receiving frontline therapy attain a complete response (CR), yet 30%-40% of patients relapse. Relapsed or refractory AML (R/R-AML) remains a particularly adverse population necessitating improved therapeutic options. This phase Ib/II study evaluated the safety and efficacy of fludarabine, cytarabine, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, and idarubicin combined with the B-cell lymphoma-2 inhibitor venetoclax in ND-AML and R/R-AML. MATERIALS AND METHODS The phase IB portion (PIB) enrolled patients with R/R-AML using a 3 + 3 dose escalation and de-escalation algorithm for identification of maximum tolerated dose and dose-limiting toxicities. The phase II portion enrolled patients into two arms to evaluate response and time-to-event end points: phase IIA (PIIA): ND-AML and phase IIB (PIIB): R/R-AML. RESULTS Sixty-eight patients have enrolled to date (PIB, 16; PIIA, 29; PIIB, 23). Median age was 46 years (range, 20-73). Grade 3 and 4 adverse events occurring in ≥ 10% of patients included febrile neutropenia (50%), bacteremia (35%), pneumonia (28%), and sepsis (12%). The overall response rate for PIB, PIIA, and PIIB was 75%, 97%, and 70% with 75%, 90%, and 61%, respectively, achieving a composite CR. Measurable residual disease–negative composite CR was attained in 96% of ND-AML and 69% of R/R-AML patients. After a median follow-up of 12 months, median overall survival (OS) for both PII cohorts was not reached. Fifty-six percent of patients proceeded to allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (ND-AML, 69%; R/R-AML, 46%). In R/R-AML, allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation resulted in a significant improvement in OS (median OS, NR; 1-year OS, 87%). One-year survival post-HSCT was 94% in ND-AML and 78% in R/R-AML. CONCLUSION Fludarabine, cytarabine, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, and idarubicin + venetoclax represents an effective intensive treatment regimen in ND-AML and R/R-AML patients, associated with deep remissions and a high rate of transition to successful transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2768-2778
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume39
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes

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