Vanadate effects on ocular pressure, (Na+,K+)ATPase and adenylate cyclase in rabbit eyes

T. W. Mittag, J. B. Serle, S. M. Podos, L. Cohen, F. Liebowitz

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Topical administration of 50 μl of 1% Na3VO4 caused a significant fall in intraocular pressure (IOP) in the rabbit eye at 90 min. Assay of ATPase of the iris and ciliary body in vitro at 90 min posttreatment showed no differences between control and treated (Na+,K+)ATPase, ouabain sensitive ATPase or vanadate sensitive ATPase. Accumulation of 48V-labelled orthovanadate in iris and ciliary body reached a plateau of 12 pmoles/mg dry tissue weight 4 hr after a single 25-μl topical dose of 1% orthovanadate. In vitro inhibition of Na+ sensitive ATPase by sodium metavanadate had an IC50 of 1.8 mM, whereas a 1.8-fold stimulation of adenylate cyclase in iris-ciliary body (ICB) membranes in vitro occurred at 10 mM but not at 10 μM Na metavanadate. These results indicate that the vanadate content of the iris and ciliary body at the time of lowered intraocular pressure is too small to inhibit a significant fraction (>10%) of (Na+,K+)ATPase, or cause a significant stimulation of adenylate cyclase, and that other cellular mechanisms are likely to be involved in the ocular hypotensive response to vanadate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1335-1338
Number of pages4
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1984


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