Validation of a Multivariate Prediction Model of the Clinical Progression of Alzheimer's Disease in a Community-Dwelling Multiethnic Cohort

Eric Stallard, Anton Kociolek, Zhezhen Jin, Hyunnam Ryu, Seonjoo Lee, Stephanie Cosentino, Carolyn Zhu, Yian Gu, Kayri Fernandez, Michelle Hernandez, Bruce Kinosian, Yaakov Stern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background: The major aims of the three Predictors Studies have been to further our understanding of Alzheimer's disease (AD) progression sufficiently to predict the length of time from disease onset to major disease outcomes in individual patients with AD. Objectives: To validate a longitudinal Grade of Membership (L-GoM) prediction algorithm developed using clinic-based, mainly white patients from the Predictors 2 Study in a statistically representative community-based sample of Hispanic (N = 211) and non-Hispanic (N = 62) older adults (with 60 males and 213 females) from the Predictors 3 Study and extend the algorithm to mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Methods: The L-GoM model was applied to data collected at the initial Predictors 3 visit for 150 subjects with AD and 123 with MCI. Participants were followed annually for up to seven years. Observed rates of survival and need for full-time care (FTC) were compared to those predicted by the algorithm. Results: Initial MCI/AD severity in Predictors 3 was substantially higher than among clinic-based AD patients enrolled at the specialized Alzheimer's centers in Predictors 2. The observed survival and need for FTC followed the L-GoM model trajectories in individuals with MCI or AD, except for N = 32 subjects who were initially diagnosed with AD but reverted to a non-AD diagnosis on follow-up. Conclusion: These findings indicate that the L-GoM model is applicable to community-dwelling, multiethnic older adults with AD. They extend the use of the model to the prediction of outcomes for MCI. They also justify release of our L-GoM calculator at this time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-117
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Issue number1
StatePublished - 29 Aug 2023


  • Alzheimer's disease
  • custodial care
  • dementia progression
  • life tables
  • mild cognitive impairment
  • mortality determinants
  • patient-specific modeling
  • prognostic factors
  • survival
  • validation


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