Vaginal Reconstruction in the Pediatric Population: An Analysis of a National Database

Sarah Nathaniel, Olachi Oleru, Nargiz Seyidova, Lior Levy, Peter, J. Taub, Elan Horesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: In the pediatric population, vaginoplasties can be performed in patients with either congenital malformations or acquired conditions. To our knowledge, there has been no study to date investigating the outcomes of vaginoplasty in the pediatric population using a nationwide database. Here, we present a national cohort study of perioperative characteristics and 30-day complications of vaginoplasty in pediatric patients. Methods: A level II retrospective, prognosis cohort study was performed using the Pediatric National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP-P) database from 2012 to 2020. Data from patients age 0 to 18 who underwent vaginoplasty was queried using CPT code 57,335. Descriptive analysis was performed to elucidate patterns in patient demographics, perioperative characteristics, and 30-day postoperative outcomes. Results: A total of 183 patients were identified. Median age was 2.41 years (IQR 0.9 to 12.1). In this population, 58.5% of patients had ASA class 2, and 33.3% ASA class 3. Congenital malformation was present in 75.9%. Average total length of stay was 2.7 days (SD = 3.8) and readmission rate was 7.86%. Complications included urinary tract infection (3.3%), bleeding/transfusions (2.2%), organ/space surgical site infection (1.1%), and superficial incisional surgical site infection (0.6%). The most common procedures performed simultaneously with vaginoplasty included cystourethroscopy (n = 66), clitoroplasty for intersex state (n = 58), and plastic repair of introitus (n = 22). Conclusion: Vaginoplasties in the pediatric population were found to have low rates of 30-day readmission and low incidence of 30-day postoperative complications. Further studies focusing on prospective clinical data related to pediatric vaginoplasty can help identify factors to improve long-term outcomes in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2405-2409
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2023


  • Big data
  • Pediatric
  • Vaginal reconstruction
  • Vaginoplasty


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