Vaccinia virus inhibits the maturation of human dendritic cells: A novel mechanism of immune evasion

Jose Engelmayer, Marie Larsson, Marion Subklewe, Ann Chahroudi, William I. Cox, Ralph M. Steinman, Nina Bhardwaj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

332 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vaccinia virus employs multiple mechanisms to evade the immune system, yet is highly immunogenic. We studied the interaction between vaccinia and human dendritic cells (DCs), potent APCs. DCs develop from precursor cells in two stages: an immature stage in which Ag uptake and processing occur, and a mature stage in which there is up-regulation of costimulatory and HLA molecules and efficient T cell activation. Vaccinia virus undergoes an abortive replication in both stages of DCs and induces apoptotic cell death. Furthermore, maturation of immature DCs and consequently T cell activation are inhibited. Obstruction of DC maturation may constitute a novel mechanism by which vaccinia attempts to evade the immune response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6762-6768
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume163
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

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