Utilization of quantitative susceptibility mapping for direct targeting of the subthalamic nucleus during deep brain stimulation surgery

Jonathan Rasouli, Ritesh Ramdhani, Fedor E. Panov, Alexey Dimov, Yan Zhang, Catherine Cho, Yi Wang, Brian Harris Kopell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) has demonstrated efficacy in improving motor disability in Parkinson's disease. The recently developed quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) technique, which can accurately map iron deposits in deep brain nuclei, promises precise targeting of the STN. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the use of QSM to target STN effectively by correlating with classical physiological-based targeting measures in a prospective study. METHODS: The precision and accuracy of direct targeting with QSM was examined in a total of 25 Parkinson's disease patients between 2013 and 2015 at our institution. QSM was utilized as the primary magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method to perform direct STN targeting on a stereotactic planning station utilizing computed tomography/MR fusion. Intraoperative microelectrode recordings (MER) were obtained to confirm appropriate trajectory through the sensorimotor STN. RESULTS: Estimations of STN thickness between the MER and QSM methods appeared to be correlated. Mean STN thickness was 5.3 mm. Kinesthetic responsive cells were found in > 90% of electrode runs. The mean radial error (±SEM) was 0.54 ± 0.1 mm. Satisfactory clinical response as determined by Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS III) was seen at 12 mo after surgery. CONCLUSION: Direct targeting of the sensorimotor STN using QSM demonstrates MER correlation and can be safely used for deep brain stimulation lead placement with satisfactory clinical response. These results imply that targeting based on QSM signaling alone is sufficient to obtain reliable and reproducible outcomes in the absence of physiological recordings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)412-419
Number of pages8
JournalOperative Neurosurgery
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • DBS
  • Deep brain stimulation
  • Parkinson disease
  • QSM
  • Quantitative susceptibility mapping

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