Utility of compression immediately after venous closure: Does it matter?

Paul Lajos, Scott Safir, Jonathan Weber, Ronald Bangiyev, Peter Faries, Windsor Ting

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Leg compression after venous closures for 24–48 hours or longer is commonplace and controversial. Objective: The goal of our study was to evaluate compression immediately post-venous closures and its associated costs. Methods: Records were retrospectively reviewed after consecutive therapies of sclerotherapy, mechanochemical ablation (MOCA) & radiofrequency ablation (RFA) from 1 clinic with 2 cohorts: 7/2/13-10/15/15 were immediately ACE-wrapped for 3-5 days (AW, N = 52) and 10/20/15–1/5/16 were non ACE-wrapped (NAW, N = 49). All procedures were performed in an outpatient office setting of one surgeon (P.L.). Follow-up was within 1 week and 3 months with ultrasounds. Financial data of ACE wraps and ABD pads were assessed. Results: Closures consisted of consecutive therapies of sclerotherapy (4 patients); MOCA (44 patients) and RFA (53 patients). No statistical difference existed in age (p = 0.61), sex (p = 0.2063); race (0.3689), CAD (p = 0.1442), ESRD (p = 0.2914), diabetes mellitus (p = 0.8943), hypertension (p = 0.681), COPD (p = 0.38), or smoking (p = 0.3628). NAW group had higher rate of hyperlipidemia (p = 0.0225), obesity (p = 0.0283), MOCA and sclerotherapy (p = 0.0005). No difference existed in pain (p = 0.8897); wound complications were too small to perform analysis; and swelling was greater in AW group compared to NAW group (p = 0.0132, OR 3.3951, CI 1.269; 9.0834). Closure rates were 98% and 100% in AW and NAW groups, respectively. NAW were only a total cost savings of $1.58 per leg per procedure. Conclusion: AW for compression after vein closures confers no benefit in postoperative period with no effect on closure rates; may be associated with increased swelling, discomfort, and wound complications while increasing unnecessary and negligible monetary costs. Larger sample size is needed to validate these conclusions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)841-847
Number of pages7
JournalPhlebology
Volume36
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Compression stockings
  • ablation
  • chronic venous disease
  • sclerotherapy
  • thrombosis
  • ulcer
  • varicose veins
  • venous closure
  • venous insufficiency

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