The objective is to quantitatively assess surgical outcomes in epilepsy patients who underwent scanning at 7T MRI whose lesions were undetectable at conventional field strengths (1.5T/3T). 16 patients who underwent an initial 1.5T/3T scan that was marked as non-lesional by a neuroradiologist and were candidates for epilepsy surgery were scanned at 7T. The 7T findings were evaluated by an expert neuroradiologist blinded to the suspected seizure onset zone (sSOZ). The relation of the neuroradiologist's findings compared with the sSOZ was classified as non-definite (no 7T lesion or lesion of no epileptogenic significance, or lesion of epileptogenic potential which localizes to the patient's sSOZ but is not the definitive cause), or definite (7T lesion of epileptogenic potential that highly localizes to the sSOZ and is confirmed through surgical intervention). Each patient underwent neurosurgical intervention and postoperative Engel outcomes were obtained through retrospective chart review by an epileptologist. Of the 16 patients, 7 had imaging findings of definite epileptogenic potential at 7T while 9 had non-definite imaging findings. 15 out of 16 patients had Engel I, II, or III outcomes indicating worthwhile improvement. Patients with definite lesion status achieved Engel I surgical outcomes at higher rates (57.1%) than patients with non-definite lesion status (33.3%). Patients with normal clinical diagnostic scans at lower field strengths who have definite radiological findings on 7T corresponding to the sSOZ may experience worthwhile improvement from surgical intervention.
- Epilepsy surgery