Using Admission Karnofsky Performance Status as a Guide for Palliative Care Discharge Needs

Ankita Mehta, Emily Chai, Keisha Berglund, Elizabeth Rizzo, Jaison Moreno, Laura P. Gelfman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To examine the relationship between admission Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) and discharge disposition. Background: Little is known about the relationship between functional status before hospitalization and discharge disposition. Methods: In a retrospective cohort study of patients seen by Mount Sinai Hospital Medicine Primary Palliative Care Program (HPPC), we used demographic and clinical data to compare discharge disposition by patients' functional status before admission into the hospital. Results: Overall, 596 patients received HPPC consults (286 [48%] female, mean age 68.4 years, median admission KPS 40% [requires hospital level care]). Of the 33 patients with a KPS ≥60% (unable to work) 30 (91%) were discharged home, whereas those 262 patients with KPS ≤30% (severely disabled) 52 (20%) were discharged home, 40 (15%) enrolled in hospice, 130 (49.5%) discharged to a facility, and 32 (12%) died in hospital. Conclusions: Worse functional status was associated with a hospice or facility discharge and better functional status was associated with discharge home. Key Message: This retrospective cohort study examined the relationship between KPS before hospital admission and discharge disposition in hospitalized seriously ill patients admitted to the hospital medicine service who received a HPPC consultation. The results suggest that those with a higher admission KPS (more functional) are more likely to be discharged home, whereas those with a lower KPS (less functional) are more likely to be discharged to a facility or hospice. KPS before hospital admission could guide palliative care resource allocation and discharge needs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)910-913
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Palliative Medicine
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • admission KPS
  • discharge disposition
  • palliative care

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