Usefulness of live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography in the characterization of ventricular septal defects in adults

Farhat Mehmood, Andrew P. Miller, Navin C. Nanda, Vinod Patel, Anurag Singh, Kurt Duncan, Sanjay Rajdev, Sibel Enar, Vikram Singh, Anthony Nunez, David C. McGiffin, James K. Kirklin, Albert D. Pacifico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this report, we present 12 patients (range 14-76 years, mean 40 ± 22.7 years) who underwent surgical repair of a ventricular septal defect (VSD). Location, size, and surrounding anatomy of the VSD were assessed prior to intervention in all patients with live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (3DTTE). In 9 patients, measurements of maximum dimension, circumference, and area by 3DTTE correlated well with the same measurements from intraoperative three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiographic (3DTEE) reconstruction. 3DTTE measurement of maximum dimension of VSDs also agreed well with maximum dimension by surgery in 10 patients. Live/real time 3DTTE accurately defined VSD location, size, and surrounding anatomy in all patients studied by us. VSD characterization by live 3DTTE agreed well with surgery descriptions and 3DTEE measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-427
Number of pages7
JournalEchocardiography
Volume23
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Three-dimensional echocardiography
  • Ventricular septal defect
  • Ventricular septal rupture

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