Uridine kinase, adenylate kinase, and guanase in human lung tumors

Olga Greengard, Jonathan F. Head, Steven L. Goldberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


In pulmonary neoplasms, the uridine kinase concentration was higher (2- to 20-fold) than in the noninvolved lung portions of each of the 12 subjects studied. The extent of elevation of uridine kinase in the different tumors showed a significant positive correlation with the rises (1.5- to 30-fold) in thymidine kinase, suggesting that neoplastic transformation in human lung involved coordinated increases in the capacity for the reutilization of different nucleoside phosphates. Adenylate kinase was always at lower levels in neoplasms compared to noninvolved areas of the same lung, and the extent of this loss in the different tumors correlated inversely with the gain in uridine kinase and thymidine kinase. Normal fetal human lung was also deficient in adenylate kinase, while its uridine kinase and thymidine kinase (and also guanase) activities were above the adult levels. The guanase activities of the different neoplasms, unrelated to their uridine kinase or thymidine kinase content, correlated with the activities in the subjects’ noninvolved lung. These individual differences were much more striking than those between the neoplastic and control samples. Variations in guanase activity thus appear to be “random,” whereas observations on the three other enzymes attest to the orderly nature of biochemical differences among individual tumors and between normal and neoplastic lung.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2295-2299
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Jul 1980
Externally publishedYes


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