PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide a clinically relevant synopsis of research findings regarding childhood and adolescent vaccines. RECENT FINDINGS: Much research confirms the safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy of specific vaccines as well as the positive impact on overall morbidity and mortality. Prevention and control strategies involve the expansion of vaccine recommendations to include more individuals and/or more vaccine doses. In addition, the role of universal infant vaccination, the advantages of even partial immunization, and the documented benefits of recently introduced vaccines are explored. The material in this review includes important areas of clinical practice improvement, such as awareness of interim recommendations or monitoring of vaccine failures. Literature on hepatitis B, rotavirus, Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate, and pneumococcal vaccines is included in this first of two articles. SUMMARY: New research on childhood and adolescent vaccines is anticipated to shape the practice of pediatric providers. Research will continue to provide the science to optimize protection and to promote the health and well being of all children and adolescents.
- vaccine effectiveness
- vaccine safety