Up-regulation of the proteasome subunit LMP7 in tissues of endotoxemic rats

Judith E. Nelson, Anna Loukissa, Claudia Altschuller-Felberg, John J. Monaco, John T. Fallon, Christopher Cardozo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

The proteasome has been implicated in systemic responses to infection or inflammatory stimuli including catabolism of skeletal muscle. Cytokines including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) are known to be elevated systemically and locally under these conditions. They are also known to be potent inducers of three peptide subunits of the proteasome, including LMP7, that replace constitutively expressed subunits and change enzymatic properties. To determine whether endotoxemia alters the expression of inducible proteasome subunits, we examined the levels of LMP7 in tissues from rats 3 days after the injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or normal saline solution (NS). By both immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry, significant increases in levels of LMP7 were observed in the heart, kidney, and lung of animals given LPS as compared with results in NS-treated animals, whereas immunoblotting revealed no changes in LMP7 levels in skeletal muscle or brain. Increased expression of LMP7 was limited to certain subpopulations of cells and was further localized at the subcellular level. Decreases in organ weight were also documented for organs in which the expression of LMP7 was up-regulated. Systemic or local release of cytokines or other proinflammatory mediators is suggested as the most likely mechanism for changes in LMP7 expression during endotoxemia. Changes in LMP7 expression may have functional consequences that contribute to organ dysfunction during systemic responses to infection and inflammatory stimuli.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)324-331
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
Volume135
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

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