Unveiling Recent Trends in Biomedical Artificial Intelligence Research: Analysis of Top-Cited Papers

Benjamin S. Glicksberg, Eyal Klang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


This review analyzes the most influential artificial intelligence (AI) studies in health and life sciences from the past three years, delineating the evolving role of AI in these fields. We identified and analyzed the top 50 cited articles on AI in biomedicine, revealing significant trends and thematic categorizations, including Drug Development, Real-World Clinical Implementation, and Ethical and Regulatory Aspects, among others. Our findings highlight a predominant focus on AIs application in clinical settings, particularly in diagnostics, telemedicine, and medical education, accelerated by the COVID-19 pandemic. The emergence of AlphaFold marked a pivotal moment in protein structure prediction, catalyzing a cascade of related research and signifying a broader shift towards AI-driven approaches in biological research. The review underscores AIs pivotal role in disease subtyping and patient stratification, facilitating a transition towards more personalized medicine strategies. Furthermore, it illustrates AIs impact on biology, particularly in parsing complex genomic and proteomic data, enhancing our capabilities to disentangle complex, interconnected molecular processes. As AI continues to permeate the health and life sciences, balancing its rapid technological advancements with ethical stewardship and regulatory vigilance will be crucial for its sustainable and effective integration into healthcare and research.

Original languageEnglish
Article number785
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 2024


  • AI
  • biomedicine
  • drug development
  • health informatics
  • machine learning
  • medical imaging
  • multiomics
  • personal medicine

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