Unsaturated fatty acids and cyclooxygenase inhibitors: Effects on pial arterioles

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Cerebral surface arterioles of the mouse were constricted in a dose-dependent manner by three different unsaturated fatty acids each with one of its double bonds in the n-6 position: arachidonate, linoleic, and 11,14,17-eicosatrienoic acid (ETA) in doses of 10-200 μg/ml. The constriction was transient, and its magnitude was significantly reduced by pretreatment of the mice with intraperitoneal injections of indomethacin (5 mg/kg), aspirin (100 mg/kg), or sodium 2-amino-3(4 chlorobenzyl)-phenylacetate (AHR-6293, 100 mg/kg). The inhibitory effect of these cyclooxygenase inhibitors suggests that this enzyme is involved in the response to these fatty acids and is in keeping with suggestions in the literature stating that such unsaturated fatty acids may interact with cyclooxygenase even when they cannot form prostaglandin (PG) endoperoxides. The PG endoperoxide formed by arachidonate or the analogous hydroxyperoxy compounds formed by arachidonate or the analogous hydroperoxy compounds formed by linoleic or 11,14,17 ETA, may then alter cerebrovascular tone by production of reactive, O2-containing species. Alternate explanations for the data are also proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H-629-H-632
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1982
Externally publishedYes


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