Understanding TRPV1 activation by ligands: Insights from the binding modes of capsaicin and resiniferatoxin

Khaled Elokely, Phanindra Velisetty, Lucie Delemotte, Eugene Palovcak, Michael L. Klein, Tibor Rohacs, Vincenzo Carnevale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

120 Scopus citations


The transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1) or vanilloid receptor 1 is a nonselective cation channel that is involved in the detection and transduction of nociceptive stimuli. Inflammation and nerve damage result in the up-regulation of TRPV1 transcription, and, therefore, modulators of TRPV1 channels are potentially useful in the treatment of inflammatory and neuropathic pain. Understanding the binding modes of known ligands would significantly contribute to the success of TRPV1 modulator drug design programs. The recent cryo-electron microscopy structure of TRPV1 only provides a coarse characterization of the location of capsaicin (CAPS) and resiniferatoxin (RTX). Herein, we use the information contained in the experimental electron density maps to accurately determine the binding mode of CAPS and RTX and experimentally validate the computational results by mutagenesis. On the basis of these results, we perform a detailed analysis of TRPV1-ligand interactions, characterizing the protein ligand contacts and the role of individual water molecules. Importantly, our results provide a rational explanation and suggestion of TRPV1 ligand modifications that should improve binding affinity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E137-E145
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number2
StatePublished - 12 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Docking
  • Heat-sensitive
  • Ligand-gated
  • Nociception
  • Vanilloid


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