Ultraviolet upconversion emission of Pb2+ ions sensitized by Yb3+-trimers in CaF2

Tuerxun Aidilibike, Junjie Guo, Lili Wang, Xiaohui Liu, Yangyang Li, Weiping Qin

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17 Scopus citations


Under 978 nm near infrared (NIR) excitation, ultraviolet (UV) upconversion (UC) emissions from Pb2+ ions in CaF2:Pb2+,Yb3+ were first observed at room temperature. The UC emission centered at ∼383 nm was ascribed to the 3P01A1g (1S0) transition of Pb2+ ions. From transient measurements, the UC process was found to be dominated by the energy transfer process: three excited Yb3+ ions simultaneously transfer their energy to one Pb2+ ion. With the increase in Pb2+ concentration, the cooperative luminescence from 3-Yb3+ clusters decreased gradually until it was extinguished. The cooperative sensitization to one Pb2+ ion comes from three excited Yb3+ ions, which is a four-ion process and exhibits a third power dependence on the NIR pumping power.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2676-2681
Number of pages6
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes


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