Ultrathin WOx Nanoribbons with Moderate ROS Clearance and Antibacterial Abilities Efficiently Induce M2 Macrophage Polarization for Diabetic Bone Defect Repair

Jiechen Wang, Chenguang Zhang, Wenshu Zhang, Wenwen Liu, Yaru Guo, Pengrui Dang, Ling Wei, Han Zhao, Xuliang Deng, Shaojun Guo, Lili Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The repair of bone defects in diabetes remains a major challenge in the field of biomedicine because of the disturbance of bone immune homeostasis and the susceptibility of exposed wounds to bacterial infection. Clinically, immunoregulation by removing excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) effectively promotes diabetic bone defect repair. However, aggressive ROS clearance can disrupt ROS homeostasis, making ROS-mediated polarization of M2 macrophages in the process of tissue healing of diabetes be difficult. Herein, an ultrathin defective tungsten oxide (WOx) nanoribbon with high oxygen vacancies to simultaneously achieve moderate scavenging of ROS and high broad-spectrum photothermal antibacterial activity to promote diabetic bone defect repair is reported. It is demonstrated that the moderate ROS clearance ability of WOx nanoribbons can remodel metabolic patterns for achieving 86.3% M2 macrophage induction in a high glucose microenvironment. This high induction efficiency combined with excellent photothermal antibacterial ability of WOx nanoribbons markedly alleviated the inflammatory reaction and efficiently facilitated the repair of bone defects infected with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) in C57BLKS/J (BKS)-diabetic (BKS-db) mice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2306319
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume34
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 Feb 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • antibacterial therapy
  • diabetic bone defect repair
  • M2 macrophage
  • reactive oxygen species
  • WOx nanoribbons

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