Ultrasound-Tomographic Image Fusion – A Novel Tool for Follow up After Acute Complicated Appendicitis

Olga Saukhat, Avital Mushailov, Yeruham Kleinbaum, Yiftach Barash, Eyal Klang, Ido Nachmany, Nir Horesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Computerized tomography (CT) is an integral part of the follow-up and decision-making process in complicated acute appendicitis (AA) treated non-operatively. However, repeated CT scans are costly and cause radiation exposure. Ultrasound-tomographic image fusion is a novel tool that integrates CT images to an Ultrasound (US) machine, thus allowing accurate assessment of the healing process compared to CT on presentation. In this study, we aimed to assess the feasibility of US-CT fusion as part of the management of appendicitis. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively collected data of consecutive patients with complicated AA managed non-operatively and followed up with US Fusion for clinical decision-making. Patients demographics, clinical data, and follow-up outcomes were extracted and analyzed. Results: Overall, 19 patients were included. An index Fusion US was conducted in 13 patients (68.4%) during admission, while the rest were performed as part of an ambulatory follow-up. Nine patients (47.3%) had more than 1 US Fusion performed as part of their follow-up, and 3 patients underwent a third US Fusion. Eventually, 5 patients (26.3%) underwent elective interval appendectomy based on the outcomes of the US Fusion, due to a non-resolution of imaging findings and ongoing symptoms. In 10 patients (52.6%), there was no evidence of an abscess in the repeated US Fusion, while in 3 patients (15.8%), it significantly diminished to less than 1 cm in diameter. Conclusion: Ultrasound-tomographic image fusion is feasible and can play a significant role in the decision-making process for the management of complicated AA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)432-438
Number of pages7
JournalSurgical Innovation
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • acute appendicitis
  • computerized tomography
  • fusion ultrasound
  • laparoscopy
  • percutaneous drainage
  • surgical outcomes


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