Ultra-processed Foods and Cardiometabolic Health Outcomes: from Evidence to Practice

Filippa Juul, Andrea L. Deierlein, Georgeta Vaidean, Paula A. Quatromoni, Niyati Parekh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of Review: Poor diet quality is the leading risk factor related to the overall cardiometabolic disease burden in the USA and globally. We review the current evidence linking ultra-processed foods and cardiometabolic health risk and provide recommendations for action at the clinical and public health levels. Recent Findings: A growing body of evidence conducted in a variety of study populations supports an association between ultra-processed food intake and increased risk of metabolic syndrome, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, overweight and obesity trajectories, and cardiovascular disease. The strongest evidence is observed in relation to weight gain and obesity among adults, as this association is supported by high-quality epidemiological and experimental evidence. Summary: Accumulating epidemiologic evidence and putative biological mechanisms link ultra-processed foods to cardiometabolic health outcomes. The high intake of ultra-processed foods in all population groups and its associated risks make ultra-processed foods an ideal target for intensive health promotion messaging and interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)849-860
Number of pages12
JournalCurrent Atherosclerosis Reports
Volume24
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diet quality
  • Dietary guidelines
  • NOVA
  • Obesity
  • Processed food
  • Type 2 diabetes

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