UCP3 Regulates Single-Channel Activity of the Cardiac mCa1

Lukas J. Motloch, Tina Gebing, Sara Reda, Astrid Schwaiger, Martin Wolny, Uta C. Hoppe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake (mCa2+ uptake) is thought to be mediated by the mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter (MCU). UCP2 and UCP3 belong to a superfamily of mitochondrial ion transporters. Both proteins are expressed in the inner mitochondrial membrane of the heart. Recently, UCP2 was reported to modulate the function of the cardiac MCU related channel mCa1. However, the possible role of UCP3 in modulating cardiac mCa2+ uptake via the MCU remains inconclusive. To understand the role of UCP3, we analyzed cardiac mCa1 single-channel activity in mitoplast-attached single-channel recordings from isolated murine cardiac mitoplasts, from adult wild-type controls (WT), and from UCP3 knockout mice (UCP3–/–). Single-channel registrations in UCP3−/− confirmed a murine voltage-gated Ca2+ channel, i.e., mCa1, which was inhibited by Ru360. Compared to WT, mCa1 in UCP3−/− revealed similar single-channel characteristics. However, in UCP3−/− the channel exhibited decreased single-channel activity, which was insensitive to adenosine triphosphate (ATP) inhibition. Our results suggest that beyond UCP2, UCP3 also exhibits regulatory effects on cardiac mCa1/MCU function. Furthermore, we speculate that UCP3 might modulate previously described inhibitory effects of ATP on mCa1/MCU activity as well.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)577-584
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Membrane Biology
Volume249
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ATP
  • Calcium
  • Mitochondria
  • Mitochondrial calcium uniporter
  • UCP3
  • mCa1

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