TRPV2 suppresses Rac1 and RhoA activation and invasion in rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes

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Abstract

The TRPV2 cation channel has been recently implicated in the regulation of arthritis severity, joint damage, and in the invasive behavior of the fibroblast-like synoviocyte (FLS). However, its mechanism of action was unknown. In this study we characterize the cell signaling events mediating the TRPV2 suppressive activity in FLS invasiveness. Studies with FLS cell lines derived from patients with RA revealed that TRPV2-specific stimulation significantly reduced FLS adhesion to different extracellular matrices that shared binding to αν β1 and β3 integrins. Localization of these integrins to the plasma membrane and numbers of thick and organized actin filaments were diminished by TRPV2 specific stimulation, and cells developed a round and non-polarized morphology. TRPV2 stimulation significantly reduced levels of activated RhoA, Rac1 and cofilin. RhoA activators were able to overcome the TRPV2-induced suppression on both RhoA activation and invasion. These new discoveries suggest that TRPV2 regulates key intracellular processes implicated in cell invasion in arthritis and other processes such as cancer, and has the potential to become a useful target for drug development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-273
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Immunopharmacology
Volume70
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • Ion channel
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Small rho GTPase
  • TRPV2

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