Trends, Prevalence, and Outcomes of Sudden Cardiac Arrest Post Cardiac Transplant: A Nationwide 16-Year Study

Ameesh Isath, Sriram D. Rao, Gregory P. Siroky, Deepak Padmanabhan, Dhrubajyoti Bandyopadhyay, Chayakrit Krittanawong, Selma Mohammed, C. Anwar A. Chahal, Stuthi Perimbeti, Davendra Mehta, Johanna Contreras

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Heart transplantation is the most effective long-term therapy for end-stage heart disease. There is limited data related to sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) in postheart transplant recipients. We aimed to describe the trends, and rate of SCA following heart transplantation and thereby identify clinical predictors as well as outcomes of SCA in patients post-transplant. We queried the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) with administrative codes for SCA and heart transplant. We assessed baseline differences between SCA and non-SCA admissions, with hazard ratios adjusted for age, gender, CCI, and race. Multivariable logistic regression models were generated to identify the independent predictors for SCA. There was a total of 30,020 hospitalizations of heart transplant recipients between 1999 and 2014 in the United States and among these 1,953 patients (6.5%) suffered SCA with an increasing trend of admissions for SCA. Among the patients who suffered from SCA, 18.83% died during the same hospitalization, 19.29% were discharged to a long-term facility, and 61.38% were discharged home. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that conduction system disorders (Hazard ratio [95% confidence interval]; 7.1 [4.5-11.1]), female gender (HR:1.2 [1.1-1.3]), diabetes (HR:1.4 [1.2-1.6]), and hypertension (HR:1.2 [1.1-1.4]) were the strongest predictors for SCA. SCA hospitalizations occur in 6.5% of patients post cardiac transplant and have been increasing from 1999 to 2014. Conduction block, graft rejection, female gender, hypertension, diabetes are independent predictors for SCA in heart transplant recipients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100901
JournalCurrent Problems in Cardiology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2022
Externally publishedYes


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