Treatment of "swing point stenoses" in hemodialysis arteriovenous fistulae

Abigail Falk, V. Teodorescu, W. Y.W. Lou, J. Uribarri, J. A. Vassalotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: This is a retrospective study of percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty (PTA) efficacy for treatment of surgical vein mobilization site ("swing point") stenoses in hemodialysis arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) that fail to mature or are poorly functioning. Method: Between February 1, 1999, and February 28, 2001, 65 non-maturing or poorly functioning AVF were studied in 63 consecutive hemodialysis patients (30 male, 33 female, aged 26-92 years). All AVF underwent contrast angiography to study the inflow artery, AVF, outflow and central veins. PTA of stenotic sites was performed to initiate or restore AVF function. Results: Seventy-eight venous and 2 arterial stenoses were found and treated with PTA in the 65 AVF. All PTA were technically successful. A total of 55 stenoses were identified in the vein at the site of surgical mobilization ("swing point"). Additionally, 19 cephalic and 4 central venous stenoses were found During the study, 13 AVF underwent repeat PTA at the "swing point". Of the 65 AVF treated, 50 were being successfully used as an access site, 4 AVF were lost during follow-up (34-688 days; mean: 258 days) and 8 patients died within the study period. The duration of functional patency of the treated AVF was 39-660 days (mean: 280 days). Conclusion: Non-maturing or poorly functioning AVF frequently have stenoses in the outflow vein at the original site of surgical vein mobilization. These "swing point stenoses" are amenable to PTA, which is a safe and effective treatment for prolonging AVF patency and function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-41
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Nephrology
Volume60
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Arteriovenous fistula
  • Balloon angioplasty
  • Hemodialysis
  • Stenosis
  • Vascular access

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