Treatment of patients with cardiovascular disease with L-4F, an apo-A1 mimetic, did not improve select biomarkers of HDL function

Catherine E. Watson, Nicole Weissbach, Lise Kjems, Surya Ayalasomayajula, Yiming Zhang, Ih Chang, Mohamad Navab, Susan Hama, Greg Hough, Srinivasa T. Reddy, Daniel Soffer, Daniel J. Rader, Alan M. Fogelman, Alison Schecter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

128 Scopus citations

Abstract

L-4F, an apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) mimetic peptide (also known as APL180), was administered daily by either intravenous (IV) infusion for 7 days or by subcutaneous (SC) injection for 28 days in patients with coronary heart disease in two distinct clinical studies. L-4F was well tolerated at all doses tested. Despite achieving plasma levels (mean maximal plasma concentration of 2,907 ng/ml and 395 ng/ml, following IV infusion and SC injection, respectively), that were effective in previously published animal models, treatment with L-4F, as assessed by biomarkers of HDL function such as HDL-inflammatory index (HII), and paraoxonase activity, did not improve. Paradoxically, there was a 49% increase in high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels after seven IV infusions of 30 mg L-4F (P < 0.05; compared with placebo) and a trend for hs-CRP increase in subjects receiving 30 mg SC injection for 28 days. In a subsequent, ex vivo study, addition of L-4F at concentrations of 150, 375, or 1,000 ng/ml to plasma from subjects prior to L-4F treatment resulted in significant dose-dependent HII improvement. In conclusion, in vivo L-4F treatment, delivered by either SC injection or IV infusion, did not improve HDL functional biomarkers despite achieving plasma levels that improved identical biomarkers ex vivo and in animal models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-373
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume52
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apolipoprotein
  • Atherosclerosis
  • C-reactive protein
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Diabetes
  • High density lipoprotein

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