Transoral Endoscopic Thyroidectomy Vestibular Approach: A Single-institution Experience of the First 50 Cases

Gustavo Fernandez-Ranvier, Aryan Meknat, Daniela Guevara, Aida Taye, Hyunsuk Suh, William B. Inabnet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach (TOETVA) has evolved from a novel procedure to a cosmetically appealing alternative to the traditional open thyroidectomy. TOETVA is limited to only high-volume centers with the hope to expand and demonstrate the safety, reproducibility, and application for the correct patient with thyroid disease. We present our experience with the first 50 TOETVA procedures performed at our institution. Methods. From September 2016 to June 2018, we performed 50 transoral endoscopic thyroidectomies via the vestibular approach for a variety of thyroid pathologies. Outcomes were analyzed from a prospectively maintained database. Patients were treated for a different range of thyroid pathologies. Results. A total of 12 (24%) patients underwent total thyroidectomy, whereas 38 (76%) patients underwent a subtotal thyroidectomy or thyroid lobectomy. The mean surgical time was 149 ± 40.0 (90-256) minutes for lobectomy and 217.6 ± 33.3 (175-276) minutes for total thyroidectomy. Of our 50 patients, 16 (32%) had postoperative transient lower lip numbness with an average time to recovery of 23.8 (.43-48) weeks, with 1 (2%) patient having persistent, but improving, lower lip numbness beyond the 6-month follow-up. There were 13 (26%) patients with transient chin numbness with an average time to recovery of 15.7 (2-48) weeks. Two (4%) patients had transient recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury with hoarseness, whereas 1 (2%) patient had permanent injury. Conclusion. The TOETVA is a safe and reproducible procedure. For selected patients, this technique is a viable alternative to conventional thyroidectomy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-444
Number of pages6
JournalSurgical Innovation
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • endoscopic thyroidectomy
  • natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery
  • remote access surgery
  • scarless procedure
  • transoral thyroidectomy

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