Transcatheter embolic coils to treat peridevice leaks after left atrial appendage closure

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) has proven to be an effective alternative to long-term oral anticoagulation in the prevention of thromboembolic events in patients with atrial fibrillation. In a minority of patients, inadequate seal may result in persistent peridevice flow and inability of the appendage to fully thrombose, thereby representing a potential source for thromboembolism. Objective: The purpose of this study was to study the use of endovascular coiling of the appendage to address persistent peridevice leak in patients undergoing LAAC with the Watchman device. Methods: This is a retrospective single-center analysis involving patients who underwent placement of a LAAC device and returned for endovascular coiling to address persistent device leak between 2018 and 2020. Baseline characteristics, procedural outcomes, and follow-up echocardiograms were analyzed to demonstrate the feasibility and safety of this technique. Results: Patients (N = 20) were identified with a mean leak size of 3.8 ± 1.3 mm (range 2.5–7 mm), all of whom had a non-thrombosed appendage. Acute procedural success was achieved in 95% of patients. Complete or significant reduction in flow beyond the LAAC device was achieved in 61% and 33% of patients, respectively. The 1 procedure-related adverse event was a pericardial effusion before coil deployment, requiring percutaneous drainage. Conclusion: The clinical impact of residual peridevice leak post-Watchman implantation is a matter of continuing investigation. However, appendage coiling represents a new therapeutic tool to address this potential source for thromboembolism. Further studies should address the clinical impact of this technique, including the safety of discontinuing anticoagulation after successful coiling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)717-722
Number of pages6
JournalHeart Rhythm
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Embolic coils
  • Ischemic stroke
  • Left atrial appendage
  • Watchman

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