Trajectory analysis of rhinitis in a birth cohort from lower-income New York City neighborhoods

Nina M. Flores, Stephanie Lovinsky-Desir, Adnan Divjan, Lori A. Hoepner, Jungang Zou, Rachel L. Miller, Julie B. Herbstman, Frederica P. Perera, Matthew S. Perzanowski, Qixuan Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Rhinitis is a prevalent, chronic nasal condition associated with asthma. However, its developmental trajectories remain poorly characterized. Objective: We sought to describe the course of rhinitis from infancy to adolescence and the association between identified phenotypes, asthma-related symptoms, and physician-diagnosed asthma. Methods: We collected rhinitis data from questionnaires repeated across 22 time points among 688 children from infancy to age 11 years and used latent class mixed modeling (LCMM) to identify phenotypes. Once children were between ages 5 and 12, a study physician determined asthma diagnosis. We collected information on the following asthma symptoms: any wheeze, exercise-induced wheeze, nighttime coughing, and emergency department visits. For each, we used LCMM to identify symptom phenotypes. Using logistic regression, we described the association between rhinitis phenotype and asthma diagnosis and each symptom overall and stratified by atopic predisposition and sex. Results: LCMM identified 5 rhinitis trajectory groups: never/infrequent; transient; late onset, infrequent; late onset, frequent; and persistent. LCMM identified 2 trajectories for each symptom, classified as frequent and never/infrequent. Participants with persistent and late onset, frequent phenotypes were more likely to be diagnosed with asthma and to have the frequent phenotype for all symptoms (P < .01). We identified interaction between seroatopy and rhinitis phenotype for physician-diagnosed asthma (P = .04) and exercise-induced wheeze (P = .08). Severe seroatopy was more common among children with late onset, frequent and persistent rhinitis, with nearly 25% of these 2 groups exhibiting sensitivity to 4 or 5 of the 5 allergens tested. Conclusions: In this prospective, population-based birth cohort, persistent and late onset, frequent rhinitis phenotypes were associated with increased risk of asthma diagnosis and symptoms during adolescence.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
StateAccepted/In press - 2024


  • asthma
  • Rhinitis
  • seroatopy


Dive into the research topics of 'Trajectory analysis of rhinitis in a birth cohort from lower-income New York City neighborhoods'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this