Training Characteristics, Academic Accomplishments, and Motivation of Current Program Directors in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Claudia I. Martinez, Ashley N. Sanchez, Joel Frontera, Michael Y. Lee, Miguel X. Escalon, Monica Verduzco-Gutierrez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study aimed to report the training characteristics, academic accomplishments, and motivation of current US academic physical medicine and rehabilitation program directors. A 22-question survey was developed and disseminated via email in May 2020 to 91 current residency program directors who are members of the Association of Academic Physiatrists Residency Fellowship Program Director Committee. Follow-up emails were sent 2 and 4 wks after initial distribution, and the survey was closed after 6 wks in June 2020. Data collected were deidentified. Descriptive analysis was performed. Response rate was 49.5% (45/91); 64.4% of program directors were men, and 35.6% were women. Of the respondents, 75.4% were White/Caucasian, 6.7% were Hispanic/Latinx, 15.6% were Asian, and 2.2% were Black/African American. Moreover, 56% (9/16) of female program directors vs. 0% (0/29) of male program directors reported experiencing sex discrimination in the workplace. Four percent of program directors were full professors in physical medicine and rehabilitation when first appointed, 17% were associate professors, and 72% were assistant professors. Thirty-four percent of program directors had at least six peer-reviewed publications when first appointed. This survey provides insight to the training characteristics, accomplishments, and motivation of current program directors for physiatrists aspiring to enter these ranks and highlights the underrepresentation of women/minorities among leadership positions in physical medicine and rehabilitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254-260
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2023


  • Academic Medicine
  • Department Chairs
  • Diversity
  • Leadership
  • PM&R
  • Program Directors


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