Toward modeling hemorrhagic and encephalitic complications of Alzheimer amyloid-β vaccination in nonhuman primates

Sam Gandy, Lary Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

The potential of amyloid-β (Aβ) immunization as a disease-modifying therapy for Alzheimer's disease is limited by the occurrence of encephalitic side effects in a subset of treated patients. The encephalitis was not predicted from immunization studies in transgenic, Aβ-depositing mice. More recently, studies in these same mice indicate that passive immunization with certain anti-Aβ antibodies can induce microhemorrhage. Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) may play a key role in determining the risk for these complications. Because aged nonhuman primates (NHPs) have a more human-like immune system than rodents, and because NHPs naturally develop senile plaques and CAA with age, NHPs appear to be important, adjunctive models for assessing the efficacy and safety of immunotherapeutics for Alzheimer's disease. Conversely, the ability to model the complications of Aβ immunotherapy will be important for elucidating the bases of these complications, and for developing protocols that minimize or eliminate the risks of these serious adverse effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)607-615
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Opinion in Immunology
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2004
Externally publishedYes

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