STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe the feasibility and outcome of total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy with or without pelvic lymphadenectomy for patients with stage I cervical cancer or severe pelvic endometriosis using harmonic shears as the sole instrument for dissection, division, and maintenance of hemostasis of all major surgical pedicles. DESIGN: Retrospective review (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: University hospital and affiliate institutions. PATIENTS: Seven patients who underwent total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy using harmonic shears for International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IA2 to IB1 cervical cancer and pelvic endometriosis at our institution or affiliate hospital from January 2004 through February 2005. INTERVENTION: A retrospective review of patients that underwent total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy with or without pelvic lymphadenectomy at our institution using harmonic shears was performed. Information regarding preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative events was recorded and analyzed. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Pelvic lymphadenectomy was performed in all cancer cases. Mean patient age was 40 years (range 30-53 years). Mean estimated blood loss was 143 mL (range 100-200 mL). Mean operating time was 293 minutes (range 255-385 minutes). Mean pelvic node count was 27.8 (range 24-34) for cancer cases. Mean hospital stay was 3.2 days (range 2-7 days). One patient developed a vaginal cuff abscess postoperatively that was managed conservatively with drainage in the office setting followed by intravenous antibiotics. Another patient developed urinary retention for 2 weeks after surgery. There were no other intraoperative or postoperative complications. CONCLUSION: Total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy using harmonic shears is a technically feasible and safe procedure. Larger studies and long-term follow-up are required to determine the oncologic outcomes of these patients.
- Harmonic shears
- Radical hysterectomy