Topical Autologous Blood Clot Therapy: An Introduction and Development of Consensus Panel to Guide Use in the Treatment of Complex Wound Types

Robert J. Snyder, Vickie Driver, Windy Cole, Warren S. Joseph, Alez Reyzelman, John C. Lantis, Jarrod Kaufman, Thomas Wild

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Complex or hard-to-heal wounds can be acute or chronic; the complexity is based on patient-specific local, systemic, and psychosocial factors. Use of autologous tissue can be a significant adjunct to wound closure. Grafts and flaps are the most common autologous tissue used in wound reconstruction. However, patient factors, wound size, and exposed structures may preclude using these methods as primary or even secondary closure techniques. Alternative autologous tissue therapies include those derived from adipose, epidermis or dermis, bone marrow, and blood. Limitations of these treatment modalities include access-related difficulty, cost, creation of a secondary donor site, use of singular or limited cell types, and sparse or contradictory evidence basis of their efficacy of use. A panel of providers experienced in wound care and surgical wound management was convened to create a series of publications on the use of topical autologous blood clot therapy (TABCT) in the treatment of complex wounds. This publication, the first in a series, provides an evidence basis of the gap between definition and treatment of complex wounds, an overview of the use of autologous therapies in these wounds, and the science behind TABCT. The development of a consensus panel for decision pathways and recommendations for TABCT use in specific complex wound types are also discussed. Subsequent articles will provide consensus recommendations on the use of TABCT in full-thickness wounds with exposed tendon and/or bone and undermining or tunneling wounds, in wounds in patients who are nonsurgical candidates, in those who cannot undergo sharp debridement, in patients with arterial wounds who have been maximally revascularized, and in those with transsphincteric anal fistula. This article provides a foundation of knowledge and describes the plan for consensus panel decision pathways and recommendation development of use of TABCT in the treatment of specific complex wound types.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-228
Number of pages6
JournalWounds
Volume34
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2022

Keywords

  • acute wounds
  • autologous blood clot therapy
  • biological matrices
  • complex wounds

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