TolA mediates the differential detergent resistance pattern between the Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovars Typhi and Typhimurium

Amit Lahiri, T. K. Ananthalakshmi, Arvindhan G. Nagarajan, Seemun Ray, Dipshikha Chakravortty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The tol-pal genes are essential for maintaining the outer membrane integrity and detergent resistance in various Gram-negative bacteria, including Salmonella. The role of TolA has been well established for the bile resistance of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium. We compared the bile resistance pattern between the S. enterica serovars Typhi and Typhimurium and observed that Typhi is more resistant to bile-mediated damage. A closer look revealed a significant difference in the TolA sequence between the two serovars which contributes to the differential detergent resistance. The tolA knockout of both the serovars behaves completely differently in terms of membrane organization and morphology. The role of the Pal proteins and difference in LPS organization between the two serovars were verified and were found to have no direct connection with the altered bile resistance. In normal Luria broth (LB), S. Typhi ΔtolA is filamentous while S. Typhimurium ΔtolA grows as single cells, similar to the wild-type. In low osmolarity LB, however, S. Typhimurium ΔtolA started chaining and S. Typhi ΔDtolA showed no growth. Further investigation revealed that the chaining phenomenon observed was the result of failure of the outer membrane to separate in the dividing cells. Taken together, the results substantiate the evolution of a shorter ΔTolA in S. Typhi to counteract high bile concentrations, at the cost of lower osmotic tolerance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1402-1415
Number of pages14
JournalMicrobiology (United Kingdom)
Volume157
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011
Externally publishedYes

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