Time to Evacuation and Functional Outcome after Minimally Invasive Endoscopic Intracerebral Hemorrhage Evacuation

Christopher P. Kellner, Rui Song, Muhammad Ali, Dominic A. Nistal, Milan Samarage, Neha S. Dangayach, John Liang, Ian McNeill, Xiangnan Zhang, Joshua B. Bederson, J. Mocco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Background and Purpose: We present a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent minimally invasive endoscopic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) evacuation to identify variables that were associated with long-term outcome. Methods: Minimally invasive endoscopic ICH evacuation was performed on patients with supratentorial ICH who fit prespecified clinical inclusion and exclusion criteria. Demographic, clinical, and radiographic factors previously demonstrated to impact functional outcome in ICH were included in a univariate analysis to identify factors associated with favorable outcome (modified Rankin Scale score, 0-3) at 6 months. Factors associated with a favorable outcome in the univariate analysis (P≤0.20) were included in a multivariate logistic regression analysis with the same dependent variable. Results: Ninety patients underwent MIS endoscopic ICH evacuation within 72 hours of ictus. In a multivariate analysis, factors associated with good long-term functional outcome included time to evacuation (per hour; OR, 0.95 [95% CI, 0.92-0.98], P=0.004), age (per decade, odds ratio [OR], 0.49 [95% CI, 0.28-0.77], P=0.005), presence of intraventricular hemorrhage (OR, 0.15 [95% CI, 0.04-0.47], P=0.002), and lobar location (OR, 18.5 [95% CI, 4.5-103], P=0.0005). Early evacuation was not associated with an increased risk of rebleeding. Conclusions: Young age, lack of intraventricular hemorrhage, lobar location, and time to evacuation were independently associated with good long-term functional outcome in patients undergoing minimally invasive endoscopic ICH evacuation. The OR for time to evacuation suggests that for each additional hour, there was a 5% reduction in the odds of achieving a favorable outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E536-E539
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2021


  • catheters
  • cerebral hemorrhage
  • drainage
  • hematoma
  • multivariate analysis


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