Time-of-flight electron spectrometer for a broad range of kinetic energies

Alexander Kothe, Jan Metje, Martin Wilke, Alexandre Moguilevski, Nicholas Engel, Ruba Al-Obaidi, Clemens Richter, Ronny Golnak, Igor Yu Kiyan, Emad F. Aziz

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22 Scopus citations


A newly constructed time-of-flight electron spectrometer of the magnetic bottle type is characterized for electron detection in a broad range of kinetic energies. The instrument is designed to measure the energy spectra of electrons generated from liquids excited by strong laser fields and photons in the range of extreme ultra violet and soft X-rays. Argon inner shell electrons were recorded to calibrate the spectrometer and investigate its characteristics, such as energy resolution and collection efficiency. Its energy resolution ΔE/E of 1.6% allows resolving the Ar 2p spin orbit structure at kinetic energies higher than 100 eV. The collection efficiency is determined and compared to that of the spectrometer in its field-free configuration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number023106
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes


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