Three-Year Outcomes of the Abre Venous Self-Expanding Stent System in Patients with Symptomatic Iliofemoral Venous Outflow Obstruction

ABRE Study Investigators

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Abstract

Purpose: To report 36-month outcomes and subgroup analysis of the ABRE study evaluating the safety and effectiveness of the Abre venous self-expanding stent system for the treatment of symptomatic iliofemoral venous outflow obstruction disease. Methods: The ABRE study was a prospective, multicenter, nonrandomized study that enrolled and implanted Abre venous stents in 200 participants (mean age 51.5 years [SD ± 15.9], 66.5% women) with symptomatic iliofemoral venous outflow obstruction at 24 global sites. Outcomes assessed through 36 months included patency, major adverse events, stent migration, stent fracture, and quality-of-life changes. Adverse events and imaging studies were adjudicated by independent clinical events committee and core laboratories, respectively. Results: Primary, primary-assisted, and secondary patency through 36 months by Kaplan–Meier estimates were 81.6%, 84.8%, and 86.3%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of major adverse events through 36 months was 10.2%, mainly driven by 12 thrombosis events. Subgroup analyses demonstrated a primary patency of 76.5% in the acute deep vein thrombosis group, 70.4% in the postthrombotic syndrome group, and 97.1% in the nonthrombotic iliac vein lesion group through 36 months. The overall mean lesion length was 112.4 mm (SD ± 66.1). There were no stent fractures or migrations in this study. Quality of life and venous functional assessments demonstrated significant improvements from baseline to 36 months across all patient subsets. Conclusions: Results from the ABRE study demonstrated sustained patency with a good safety profile after implantation of a dedicated venous stent in patients with symptomatic iliofemoral venous outflow obstruction disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)664-675.e5
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2024

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