Thirty-day readmission after status epilepticus in the United States: Insights from the nationwide readmission database

Monica B. Dhakar, David J. Thurman, Hiba A. Haider, Andres R. Rodriguez, Nathalie Jette, Edward Faught

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objective: To determine the incidence, causes, predictors, and costs of 30-day readmissions in patients admitted with status epilepticus (SE) from a large representative United States (US) population. Methods: Adults (age ≥18 years) hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of SE (International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Revision-CM codes 345.2 or 345.3) between January 2013 and September 2015 were identified using the Nationwide Readmissions Database. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to identify predictors of 30-day readmissions. Results: Of 42,232 patients with index SE, 6372 (15.0%) were readmitted within 30 days. In the multivariable analysis, intracranial hemorrhage (odds ratio, 1.56; 95% confidence interval, 1.12–2.18), psychosis (1.26 95%, 1.05–1.50), diabetes mellitus (1.12, 95%, 1.00–1.25), chronic kidney disease (1.50, 95%, 1.31–1.72), chronic liver disease (1.51; 95%, 1.24–1.84), >3 Elixhauser comorbidities (1.18; 95%, 1.06–1.31), length of stay >4 days during index hospitalization (1.41; 95%, 1.28–1.56) and discharge to skilled nursing facility (SNF) (1.14; 95%, 1.01–1.28) were independent predictors of 30-day readmission. The most common reason for readmission was seizures (45.1%). Median length of stay and costs of readmission were 4 days (interquartile range [IQR], 2–7 days) and $7882 (IQR, $4649–$15,012), respectively. Conclusion: Thirty-day readmissions after SE occurs in 15% of patients, the majority of which were due to seizures. Readmitted patients are more likely to have multiple comorbidities, a longer length of stay, and discharge to SNF. Awareness of these predictors can help identify and target high-risk patients for interventions to reduce readmissions and costs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106346
JournalEpilepsy Research
StatePublished - Sep 2020


  • Readmissions
  • Seizure
  • Status epilepticus


Dive into the research topics of 'Thirty-day readmission after status epilepticus in the United States: Insights from the nationwide readmission database'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this