The Wnt receptor, Lrp5, is expressed by mouse mammary stem cells and is required to maintain the basal lineage

Nisha M. Badders, Shruti Goel, Rod J. Clark, Kristine S. Klos, Soyoung Kim, Anna Bafico, Charlotta Lindvall, Bart O. Williams, Caroline M. Alexander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Ectopic Wnt signaling induces increased stem/progenitor cell activity in the mouse mammary gland, followed by tumor development. The Wnt signaling receptors, Lrp5/6, are uniquely required for canonical Wnt activity. Previous data has shown that the absence of Lrp5 confers resistance to Wnt1-induced tumor development. Methodology/Principal Findings: Here, we show that all basal mammary cells express Lrp5, and co-express Lrp6 in a similar fashion. Though Wnt dependent transcription of key target genes is relatively unchanged in mammary epithelial cell cultures, the absence of Lrp5 specifically depletes adult regenerative stem cell activity (to less than 1%). Stem cell activity can be enriched by >200 fold (over 80% of activity), based on high Lrp5 expression alone. Though Lrp5 null glands have apparent normal function, the basal lineage is relatively reduced (from 42% basal/total epithelial cells to 22%) and Lrp5-/- mammary epithelial cells show enhanced expression of senescence-associated markers in vitro, as measured by expression of p16Ink4a and TA-p63. Conclusions/Significance: This is the first single biomarker that has been demonstrated to be functionally involved in stem cell maintenance. Together, these results demonstrate that Wnt signaling through Lrp5 is an important component of normal mammary stem cell function.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere6594
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume4
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Aug 2009
Externally publishedYes

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